Regular Insulin is an extremely crucial aspect of the successful treatment of diabetes. Whether you have been recently diagnosed with diabetes, lived with it your entire life, or even if you are simply conducting research on the use of regular insulin, it is very important to comprehend its proper use completely, as well as its side effects and precautions that are important to consider prior to taking the medication. Continue reading for more information on regular insulin and how it is used to manage both type 1 and type 2 diabetes successfully.
What Is Regular Insulin?
Insulin is essentially a hormone that is administered in order to assists in lowering the levels of glucose, or sugar, in the blood. This medication works to lower the blood sugar levels by moving the glucose in the bloodstream into the body's cells. This is used by individuals, both children, and adults, in order to regulate blood sugar levels to better manage their diabetes. It is most commonly administered by injection and stays active in the individual's system for about 8 hours.Insulin is kept stored in the refrigerator to prevent it from spoiling as insulin is essentially a protein dissolved in water to allow its administration through injection. Allowing insulin to become warm allows for bacteria to begin developing. Bacteria have the potential to break down the protein completely, rendering the medication useless. While it is stored in cold conditions, it is recommended to remove the insulin from the fridge and allow it to come to room temperature before administering it. This is done in order to make injections more comfortable for the individual, and it is widely believed that administering insulin at room temperature prevents air bubbles.Methods of Administration of Regular Insulin Injection with syringe Injection with an insulin pen Insulin pump (administered through a catheter, usually in the abdomen) Jet injection (for those who can not tolerate needles). Discuss the various different methods of administration for this insulin with your primary care physician. He or she will be able to recommend the administration method that is best for you. Many individuals with diabetes may choose to use a few different methods, depending on what they will be doing on any particular day. For instance, many individuals choose to use the insulin pen for administration as it is more regulated and prevents insulin overdose, but if they plan to attend an event or go anywhere away from home and are not sure if they will be able to slip away to administer their insulin, they may choose to use an insulin pump. Insulin pumps are programmed to administer insulin when needed through a catheter which is usually placed in the abdomen underneath a layer of fatty tissue.The use of an insulin pump eliminates the need to constantly check back in after 7 or 8 hours to administer more insulin; the pump will automatically administer the medication when it is needed, so that the individual does not have to step away from what they are doing or run home to get insulin from the fridge. The practice of using different administration methods for insulin is not uncommon, and it is just another way for individuals with diabetes to make their blood sugar management easier on a day-to-day basis.
Who Needs Regular Insulin?
Individuals who need regular insulin are those who have been diagnosed with diabetes, also referred to as diabetes mellitus. Regular insulin can be used by individuals with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Individuals who have type 1 diabetes do not have a pancreas that produces enough insulin for the body. Individuals with type 2 diabetes either cannot produce enough insulin, or their bodies are unable to process the insulin that their bodies do produce. Regular insulin is used in order to restore the body's level of insulin to normal levels, which prevents both low blood sugar and high blood sugar, both of which are capable of posing very real dangers to an individual's health. When the body enters a state of low blood sugar or hypoglycemia, the individual may experience extreme fatigue and dizziness. It is not uncommon to faint, and in worst-case scenarios, low blood sugar has the potential to cause brain damage and even death. In the cases of high blood sugar, also referred to as hyperglycemia, individuals experienced extreme thirst, increased urination, dizziness, blurred vision, and fatigue. Both of these conditions must be avoided at all costs. This is achieved by the use and administration of regular insulin.
What Are the Common Side Effects of Regular Insulin?
All medications have a list of side effects that are important to consider and discuss with your physician before beginning to take it regularly. While some people may be able to take a medication with no negative side effects and have an overall positive experience, another person may not be so lucky and may have negative or allergic reactions to the very same medication. For this reason, it is important to determine if it is safe for you to take insulin before you begin administering it in order to manage your blood sugar levels. Your primary care physician will be able to determine if you are at risk for negative side effects based on your medical history. They will also advise you on how to cope with the normal side effects of insulin.
Common side effects of regular insulin include:
While these are not all of the common side effects associated with regular insulin, they are just a few examples of what most individuals who take regular insulin experience as a side effect. Incidentally, there are quite a number of side effects that may indicate that something is wrong. Continue reading for a comprehensive list of negative side effects of regular insulin that may pose a cause for concern.
Uncommon and Negative Side Effects of Regular Insulin:
If you experience any of these negative side effects while taking the insulin, it is imperative that you contact your doctor immediately, and make a point to see him or her as soon as you possibly can. These symptoms may be an indicator of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), or high blood sugar (hyperglycemia). Below is a list of precautions that must be taken prior to taking insulin as well as medications that do not react positively with regular insulin. Medications and Conditions That React Negatively with Regular Insulin Kidney disease Kidney failure Liver disease Liver failure Heart disease Heart failure Low blood sugar Medications containing pioglitazone Medications containing rosiglitazone Alcohol Fluoxetine Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)consumption Enalapril Lisinopril Captopril Valsartan Propranolol Metroprolol Diuretics Niacin (and most cholesterol medications)Estrogens Progesterone Active breastfeeding. While this is list is quite comprehensive and mentions quite a few different conditions and medications, this is not a full list of precautions, conditions, and medications that have the potential to react negatively with this insulin. Always disclose your full medical history to your primary care physician, as well as the medications that you currently take, or have taken in the past.Your physician will be able to assess your current medical condition, the medications you take, as well as your medical history in order to determine if it is safe for you to take insulin in order to manage your diabetes and blood sugar levels. Insulin has the ability to save lives for millions of people, but no two people are alike, and so it is imperative to ensure that you are safe and able to take this medication without negative side effects that may place your health, or life, at risk.
Insulin has been one of the medical community's greatest advancements and contributions to improving the overall quality of life for individuals diagnosed with diabetes. When properly used as directed by a physician, insulin is simple to understand the terms and conditions of its use. Insulin is easily self-administered and managed This medication that can help individuals with type 1 and type 2 diabetes live their lives without fear of their condition not being under control resulting with the side effects of low blood sugar levels or high blood sugar levels. While this medication is undoubtedly extremely beneficial and helps millions of people around the world each day, it is important to make sure that regular insulin is right for you, and would be safe for you to use in order to manage your diabetes and blood sugar levels. If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, discuss your use of insulin with your doctor, so that he or she can answer any and all questions you may have about the medication, and how you can best fit it into your life to manage your blood sugar levels safely without the fear of any negative side effects.